that is preparing the transition to more desirable and sustainable lifestyles.
It oversees research, publishes works,
and organizes events for the arts and sciences.
For the communist regime that established itself in Beijing in 1949, mobility was synonymous with disorder. Once in power, the Party divided the population into classes to better control it: the members of the “exploiting classes” were [...]
In 50 years, daily commutes, travel and migration in China have multiplied, lengthened and accelerated at a spectacular speed. A Franco-Chinese team of researchers and artists decided to explore how city dwellers feel about these changes [...]
Shall we study the mobilities of the rich or those of the poor? How to understand the super-rich's virtual and material flows in relationship with those of the rest of the world population? Discussion between a Spanish sociologist and a [...]
What if the population of Ile-de- France - the wealthiest, densest and most populated region of France - started to decline in the coming years? This possibility is shown to be more likely than ever in the latest study from the Forum on [...]
The car is one of the preferred modes of transport for those who reside in the Paris region. What are the alternatives strategies to reduce the use of cars in Greater Paris? Jean-Pierre Orfeuil, a specialist in urban mobility, examines the q [...]
In Medellín, the informal neighbourhoods of the north were recognized in the early 1990s and have since been the subject of regeneration campaigns to integrate them into the city. One of the most emblematic projects is the Metrocable, which [...]
Is access to employment, services and leisure merely a matter of mobility for the most disadvantaged? What are the obstacles and alternatives? These are some of the questions Leslie Belton Chevallier and Giuilio Mattioli attempt to answer.
Put in this way, the answer seems fairly obvious. And yet, it is an important debate that continues – even today. Indeed, in local political milieus it is still common to hear talk of the need to build highways to improve access to regions, [...]
In France, cars represent almost 40 million driver’s licenses, and 80% of driven kilometers. They’re extremely popular, despite the many negative impacts on our lives that are sometimes dramatic and often irreversible. Illustrations © Les In [...]
The "Macron buses," a low-cost mode of transportation put to the test of sustainability and desirability
Facilitating travel for all while simultaneously limiting CO² emissions: that was the goal of Macron’s 2015 law liberalizing the market of intercity buses. But what has actually come of it? This research explores how this new market evolved [...]
Over the past decade, bicycle self-repair workshops have been growing in France. By teaching people how to repair their bicycles, these collectives share a variety of goals: some aim mainly to promote bicycling and increase autonomy by [...]
La vie des idées
La société automobile
La voiture est partout. Le succès de la motorisation s’explique par l’adéquation entre une marchandise et les aspirations des individus, en lien avec l’essor de la consommation et l’appétit de mobilité urbaine. Voiture-autonomie ou aliénation automobile ?
Comment nous déplacerons-nous en 2049 ?
Les transports du futur ? Sans grande imagination, depuis plus d’un siècle, c’est une voiture volante qui vient à l’esprit quand on les évoque. Elle apparaît sur des gravures en même temps que l’automobile. Puis dans « Spirou », « Valérian », « Blade Runner »… Marc Bauden, directeur du pôle industriel Trémery-Metz du groupe PSA, le plus gros employeur de l’est de la France, se souvient, lui, avec nostalgie, de la DS volante du film « Fantômas » dans les années 1960… Dans la réalité, on l’attend toujours. Et sur la scène de l’espace Blida de Metz, où « l’Obs » tenait, jeudi 23 mai, sa troisième conférence « 2049 », consacrée aux déplacements dans trente ans, les experts ont gardé les pieds sur terre. De voiture dans les airs, il n’a quasiment pas été question.