50 publications matching keyword "Sciences humaines"
04/24/2017 - 14:16
Is access to employment, services and leisure merely a matter of mobility for the most disadvantaged? What are the obstacles and alternatives? These are some of the questions Leslie Belton Chevallier and Giuilio Mattioli attempt to answer.
03/27/2017 - 16:05
What measures should be taken to reduce the distance between work and home to a maximum of 30 minutes? What changes should be made? What challenges to overcome? Jean-Pierre Orfeuil, specialist in urban mobility, talks to us about the conclusions of his study which aims to transform the Paris region into a “coherent city.”
11/28/2016 - 17:59
Should we advocate for the compact city? Geographer Sébastien Munafò defends the indispensability of this model, particularly for its environmental qualities and the urbanity it fosters. Marc Pearce of the Mobile Lives Forum, on the other hand, feels it is crucial to consider, instead, many lifestyles in presence in city areas such as Geneva or Zurich and the diversity of living environments they require.
09/20/2016 - 10:49
Car use has declined in most OCDE countries since the early 2000s; for the first time since the end of World War II, there has been a drop in the proportion of young people who choose to get their driver’s license. The goal of the EVOLMOB study was to get a better understanding of what this trend means for the future. To do this, it specifically focused on young people’s travel behaviors in three regional cities: Lyon, Grenoble (France) and Montreal (Canada). What relationship do young people have with the car in these urban regions today? What are the drivers of the changes observed in these different economic, geographic and social contexts? The research results are now in.
04/23/2019 - 15:54
Mobility is one of the oldest freedoms claimed by women. Yet for a long time and still today, many women remain largely confined indoors and, here as elsewhere, they are very often under the control of men – even in societies that claim to be egalitarian. And for women, the experience of going out unaccompanied is a reminder that there is still much to be done. We might think that mobility is nothing but the reflection of a set of inequalities between men and women that are visible in other spheres and areas of society. But in fact, mobility is more of a factor that contributes to strengthening pre-existing inequalities, even though it could be a means of emancipation.
01/17/2019 - 12:03
In 2015, a vast project to pedestrianize Brussels’ main central avenues was launched, transforming the face of a city-center designed for cars in the decades following the war. The study aims to make an in-depth assessment of how this pedestrianization affects lifestyles. Its originality lies in its focus both on how activities are carried out in the constructed and social environment of the pedestrian zone, and how these activities fit into each individual’s life. The purpose of this study is to understand what lessons we can draw from a project aimed at drastic car reduction in the heart of a major city, and to assess to what extent such a project can help the transition towards more desired and sustainable lifestyles.
01/10/2019 - 09:36
What place would young people want to give to travel and to their virtual mobility in the territorial organization of their activities, in a future where resources will be restricted, in particular energy? To answer this question, a research team consisting of a physicist-philosopher, a designer, an architect and an artist developed a serious game in which the action takes place in 2061, in Néo Zelbru.
01/07/2019 - 15:59
How important are daily travels in our lives? Does mobility help us attain our desired daily activities? Or does it weigh too heavily on our everyday lives? This quantitative survey presents an original methodology to answer these questions in France.
10/01/2018 - 14:07
Today, the transport industry is the second largest emitter of greenhouse gases in the world, after the energy industry. But unlike in energy, transport emissions continue to grow rapidly. They could even increase by 60% by 2050 according to the OECD. In the near future, transport could become the largest emitter of GHGs, which is already the case in some developed countries. What are governments doing? This question is what brought an international team to travel the world looking for policies aimed at transitioning to decarbonized mobilities.
01/08/2018 - 14:49
In 5, 10 or 20 years… many predict the more or less rapid but inevitable arrival of driverless vehicles in our lives. But, be it in the city or in the countryside, on the road or in the air, what are citizens’ expectations as regards their spread in France? Given that mobility is at the heart of our lives and changes in our transportation system may be afoot, the question must be raised. At the initiative of Missions Publiques, the Mobile Lives Forum and a dozen other partners have come together to hold citizen debates, which took place in five different locations in France on January 2018. We see it as an opportunity to do things differently: to find out what people actually want before introducing a new transportation system!