97 publications matching keyword "Sciences sociales"
09/17/2019 - 14:30
As early as the 1920s, traffic congestion and road safety in cities led to the emergence of a new expertise that became progressively institutionalized as a scientific discipline called “traffic engineering.” By systematically banking on the growth of automobility, the models that guide it have become self-fulfilling. Cars have gone hand in hand with urban extension, shaping even housing policies that favor the emergence of peri-urban spaces organized around road infrastructure. However, congestion and insecurity have not disappeared, and are now joined by an environmental emergency that calls into question the viability of the whole system. Is the auto city living its final days?
08/27/2019 - 16:42
Over the past decade, bicycle self-repair workshops have been growing in France. By teaching people how to repair their bicycles, these collectives share a variety of goals: some aim mainly to promote bicycling and increase autonomy by teaching people how to repair their bikes, others advocate for environmental causes, others still are part of a broader political commitment (LGBTI, anti-capitalism, self-sustainability, etc.)... These collectives, which are still a recent phenomenon, have so far received little attention in the scientific literature. Beyond the independence one can gain by learning a practice, does taking part in these workshops bring about wider changes in one’s lifestyle and view of society?
06/18/2019 - 11:03
Anne Jarrigeon has studied the ways in which women have learned to deploy internalized knowledge to keep strangers at bay in everyday life, in cities that impose an image of hyper-availability. Being a mobile woman in urban space is often about how to avoid the male gaze, of men themselves, and from billboards.
06/03/2019 - 11:37
05/16/2019 - 11:05
Christophe Mincke, who studied the emergence of mobility ideology in La société sans répit (2019, La Sorbonne), investigates the idea of mobility as a social injunction. In a society where mobility has become an end in itself, where being constantly in motion is the norm, what room is left for each individual’s aspirations? And, finally, is the ultramobility of the 21st century a source of liberation or constraint?
05/06/2019 - 16:22
04/09/2019 - 11:41
In the Paris region, more and more workers have working hours that are no longer explicitly fixed by the employer. Instead, they have what we call flexible working hours. According to theories in transport economics, this greater freedom given to employees should spread out people’s starting hours and therefore contribute to improving travel conditions at rush hour. But is this actually the case? Are more flexible working hours really the right solution to end the problems of rush hour congestion? Do employees with flexible schedules actually avoid the morning rush hour? And more generally, how do they choose to set their own working hours?
03/06/2019 - 11:28
10/15/2018 - 10:58
While our romantic encounters used to take place casually in public places, our mobile apps now allow us to manage our encounters from a distance and throughout the day. The pace of our romantic meetings has changed; the importance of bars and cafes has declined while our daily routes have taken on a new significance because of geolocation based matchmaking. The project Sex, Love and Geolocation aimed at exploring the synergies between Tinder’s design, the mobilities brought about by the app, and the types of encounters and urban sociability it gives rise to.
06/12/2018 - 14:20
Ten years after its launch, Vélib, the public bicycle sharing service in the Paris region, arrived at a major turning point. In January 2018, the operator JC Decaux was replaced by Smoove, a Montpellier start-up. The Mobile Lives Forum set out to make a first assessment of the Velib’: ten years later, how has the Velib’ changed mobility and the lifestyles of people living in the Paris region? Is the Vélib’ a sustainable and effective mobility program?