26 publications matching keyword "Urbanisme, architecture et paysagisme"
09/17/2019 - 14:30
As early as the 1920s, traffic congestion and road safety in cities led to the emergence of a new expertise that became progressively institutionalized as a scientific discipline called “traffic engineering.” By systematically banking on the growth of automobility, the models that guide it have become self-fulfilling. Cars have gone hand in hand with urban extension, shaping even housing policies that favor the emergence of peri-urban spaces organized around road infrastructure. However, congestion and insecurity have not disappeared, and are now joined by an environmental emergency that calls into question the viability of the whole system. Is the auto city living its final days?
08/27/2019 - 16:42
Over the past decade, bicycle self-repair workshops have been growing in France. By teaching people how to repair their bicycles, these collectives share a variety of goals: some aim mainly to promote bicycling and increase autonomy by teaching people how to repair their bikes, others advocate for environmental causes, others still are part of a broader political commitment (LGBTI, anti-capitalism, self-sustainability, etc.)... These collectives, which are still a recent phenomenon, have so far received little attention in the scientific literature. Beyond the independence one can gain by learning a practice, does taking part in these workshops bring about wider changes in one’s lifestyle and view of society?
05/28/2018 - 11:23
03/27/2017 - 16:05
What measures should be taken to reduce the distance between work and home to a maximum of 30 minutes? What changes should be made? What challenges to overcome? Jean-Pierre Orfeuil, specialist in urban mobility, talks to us about the conclusions of his study which aims to transform the Paris region into a “coherent city.”
02/27/2017 - 12:13
The issue of cars in the city is currently on the political, media and scientific agenda. Almost universally, mobility regulation policies tend to call into question the dominant position of the individual car in the functioning of urban life. But can we go further and imagine lifestyles that go completely beyond the individual car in a territory like the Paris’ region? This hypothesis was explored by researchers at the Geography-Cities Laboratory (CNRS) for 2 years as part of the “Post-Car Île-de-France” project.
01/17/2019 - 12:03
In 2015, a vast project to pedestrianize Brussels’ main central avenues was launched, transforming the face of a city-center designed for cars in the decades following the war. The study aims to make an in-depth assessment of how this pedestrianization affects lifestyles. Its originality lies in its focus both on how activities are carried out in the constructed and social environment of the pedestrian zone, and how these activities fit into each individual’s life. The purpose of this study is to understand what lessons we can draw from a project aimed at drastic car reduction in the heart of a major city, and to assess to what extent such a project can help the transition towards more desired and sustainable lifestyles.
01/10/2019 - 12:15
Facilitating travel for all while simultaneously limiting CO² emissions: that was the goal of Macron’s 2015 law liberalizing the market of intercity buses. But what has actually come of it? This research explores how this new market evolved within the transportation system and seeks to understand who the users of the Macron buses really are - what are their motives, their practices, their representations and their experiences. The goal: identifying the extent to which this low-cost transportation can be a part of the transition towards sustainable and desired lifestyles.
12/12/2017 - 14:22
In 50 years, daily commutes, travel and migration in China have multiplied, lengthened and accelerated at a spectacular speed. A Franco-Chinese team of researchers and artists decided to explore how city dwellers feel about these changes using images as a catalyst for memories, emotions, associations of ideas and reflections. It would appear that this increase in mobility is closely associated with the imaginary of modernity and generates ambivalent feelings, ranging from enthusiasm for change to nostalgia and anxiety.
10/17/2016 - 12:03
The virtues of the compact city called into question?
The goal of this research was to identify the impact of the urban environments of Geneva and Zurich (city center, suburban and peri-urban) on leisure mobility and on occasional long-distance travel in particular. It will also be an opportunity to create a subjective sound map by recording several residents of these living environments for an entire day. This research also gave rise to an artistic project, led by acoustician Swann Thommen, which can be found in the Artistic Lab section. Geographer Sébastien Munafo’s thesis is available for free access on this page (in french only).
05/23/2016 - 16:38
While the question of the sustainability of contemporary lifestyles is the focus of the Mobile Lives Forum’s research program, it alone is not sufficient: individuals’ aspirations must likewise be taken into account.