22 publications matching keyword "Prospective"
01/23/2020 - 16:27
In 2018 German metal industry workers won the right to reduce their working week from 35 to 28 hours. As with similar schemes elsewhere, sustainability commentators have highlighted the potential of working time reduction not just to achieve a better work-life balance but also to reduce energy consumption by reducing overall material consumption. This research project examines the desirability and sustainability of this scheme, paying particular attention to the conditions under which reduced working hours can produce social and environmental benefits. What are the participants’ aspirations? What are the impacts on their mobility and lifestyle? Is the reduction of direct and indirect energy consumption as significant as expected?
04/18/2018 - 13:56
What if the population of Ile-de- France - the wealthiest, densest and most populated region of France - started to decline in the coming years? This possibility is shown to be more likely than ever in the latest study from the Forum on aspirations and the residential mobility projects of lle-de-France residents. Over the last decade, high birth rates in Ile-de- France have been increasingly unable to compensate for migration out of the region. Nearly one resident out of two states they would like to leave Ile-de- France to live in another region. What explains this phenomenon?
03/20/2018 - 17:20
Aviation now accounts for nearly 3% of global CO2 emissions, roughly the same amount as produced by the UK. This trend, driven mainly by frequent, wealthy flyers, is set to continue, and will only lead to an environmental dead-end. What could be the alternatives ? Professor Kevin Anderson explains.
03/07/2018 - 11:28
What would the lifestyles and mobility of tomorrow look like in France if they were to be realized according to people’s utopian dreams? What changes would have to be made in terms of collective rhythms, transportation services, territorial organization and employment to make them possible? It's hard to embrace the lifestyle of one’s dreams, and yet some people manage to. But how, and at what price? What does their experience teach us about the obstacles to overcome so that others may follow in their footsteps? The goal of the survey was to sketch out desirable futures by speaking with French citizens.
09/28/2017 - 17:07
Data sharing is a key to consolidating scientific methods and knowledge, and notably feeds discussion across opposing viewpoints. However, it is a nascent practice in qualitative research. A team from the Centre for Cities, Territories, Environment and Societies (CITERES) are paving the way with a project to reopen six qualitative studies conducted in peri-urban and rural areas. The project has three objectives: establish a methodological framework to mutualize qualitative data, define the requirements to share data, and provide a renewed analysis. The challenge: gain a better understanding of mobility in sparsely populated areas and identify pathways to ending car dependence.
03/27/2017 - 16:05
What measures should be taken to reduce the distance between work and home to a maximum of 30 minutes? What changes should be made? What challenges to overcome? Jean-Pierre Orfeuil, specialist in urban mobility, talks to us about the conclusions of his study which aims to transform the Paris region into a “coherent city.”
02/27/2017 - 12:13
The issue of cars in the city is currently on the political, media and scientific agenda. Almost universally, mobility regulation policies tend to call into question the dominant position of the individual car in the functioning of urban life. But can we go further and imagine lifestyles that go completely beyond the individual car in a territory like the Paris’ region? This hypothesis was explored by researchers at the Geography-Cities Laboratory (CNRS) for 2 years as part of the “Post-Car Île-de-France” project.
09/20/2016 - 10:49
Car use has declined in most OCDE countries since the early 2000s; for the first time since the end of World War II, there has been a drop in the proportion of young people who choose to get their driver’s license. The goal of the EVOLMOB study was to get a better understanding of what this trend means for the future. To do this, it specifically focused on young people’s travel behaviors in three regional cities: Lyon, Grenoble (France) and Montreal (Canada). What relationship do young people have with the car in these urban regions today? What are the drivers of the changes observed in these different economic, geographic and social contexts? The research results are now in.
02/07/2020 - 16:52
At a time when companies and governments are pouring their energy into the search for innovation, autonomous vehicles seem to embody the epitome of an innovation that promises to revolutionize the future of the automobile. Around the world, the progress made by Google and Uber as well as the announcements of American, European and Asian manufacturers are being closely monitored and covered by the media. In this context, the Mobile Lives Forum commissioned La Fabrique Ecologique, a French environmental think tank, to study whether autonomous vehicles can be part of the transition to a more sustainable world.
10/29/2019 - 17:35
Personal air mobility seems to be moving out of the realm of science fiction and into reality, with the development of light aircrafts for private, even daily use and intended for an increasingly wide audience. Maurie Cohen, an expert in sustainability, questions this practice with regards to its environmental impact, which will surely be considerable. By what means can we overcome this contradiction between the need to ensure the planet’s future and the inexorable development of personal air mobility?